A few days ago the report 2014 Global R&D Funding Forecast, was published, by Battelle, an American Foundation. Very interesting and clarifying where everyone is, it's always good to know to know to keep your feet on the ground. Interestingly, the selected image, because it gives an idea of who competes with whom, and even who is doing R & D value, and even those who are really in leadership and are able to lead in the coming years.
Although China does not appear in this graph above, make no mistake that the absolute amount of investment is the second in the world after the USA and probably exceed by 2020. Spain has tried to maintain its investment in R + D + i during the crisis, but ultimately was not able to keep, very unlike Germany, which has increased from 2.69% to 2.8% or Korea and the heels.
You may learn that austerity should be applied where no value is generated, because otherwise we close the door to exit and healthy recovery. It is very obvious what has happened in the last twenty years in these two countries, heavy industrial and investor in R & D, compared to other countries that have failed to defend and promote the industry and R & D + i. Does anyone think R (science) + D (technology) + i (innovation) can be done without industry? perhaps, the disconnect is in Spain between researchers and companies and has something to do with it, don't you think so?. Public projects that take public funds without attracting private investment or employment, lack dynamic effect of the economy, and are far behind the aided projects attract private investment and creating jobs.
The report also shows two countries, which have always been in the lead, again in the upper area, France and the UK. In 2014, 80% of expenditure on R & D will be done by 10 countries. In Europe, which accounts for 21.7% of overall spending on R & D, Germany has 5.7%.